brain and spine tumor surgery
Some brain and spine tumors are cancer (malignant), and some of them are not cancer (benign).
- Benign tumors rarely grow into nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body, but they can still require treatment because they can press on nearby parts of the brain, causing problems.
- Like other forms of cancer, malignant tumors can spread through brain tissue and are likely to grow quickly.
Brain tumors can also be:
Primary: These are tumors that originate in the brain.
Metastatic: These are tumors that start in other parts of the body — such as the lungs, breasts, colon and kidneys — and spread to the brain. Metastatic brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors.
Diagnosing Brain and Spine Tumors
Brain and spinal cord tumors are diagnosed in various ways including:
Physical and neurologic exam – a physician checks general health, mental status, power, sensation, reflexes and coordination.
Imaging – CT scans, MRI scans, myelogram (used to detect a tumor in the spinal cord) and/or angiogram (used to assess tumor related blood vessels).
Biopsy – a sample of tissue is removed for examination. A biopsy is the only sure way to diagnose a brain tumor.
There are several types of surgery for brain tumors and they could be enlisted as.
Biopsy – It involves surgical removal of a sample of tumor tissue.
Craniotomy – The procedures include the surgical removal of a portion of the skull. In this procedure the piece of skull that was removed is replaced following surgery.
Partial Removal – The surgical removal of some part of the brain tumor due to risk of neurological damage.
Complete Removal- The surgical removal of the entire brain tumor. In this procedure the surgeon often can tell if re growth is likely based on the type of tumor
Spinal Tumors Surgeries
Surgical options for the treated of spine tumors vary from complete to partial removal. Surgical stabilization of the spine may be necessary as a result of instability caused by tumor itself or the surgery to remove it. This may be done by surgery approach from the front or back of spine. This may involve going through the neck, chest or abdomen. Newer techniques and instruments allows that were once inaccessible. The high powered microscopes used in microsurgery for instance make it easier to distinguish tumors from healthy tissue. The typical hospital stays after surgery to remove a spinal tumors range from approximately 5 to 10 days.